Top Programming Languages to Learn in 2021

Top Programming Languages to Learn in 2021

In the present day, the increasing demand for computer scientists progressively grows. Everything around us is in a way, changing, going through a digital makeover. And with many people becoming a part of this arena, it comes as no surprise how much technology has taken over all our lives and the rate at which it is progressing further. Computer science itself is categorised into various sub-fields, each of which has its own set of esoteric workers.

However, one thing common to almost all these fields is the process of writing instructions in the form of code, commonly referred to as programming. This sits at the heart of computer science and gives it the power to create and remove things. With the number of existing programming languages reaching the three-digit mark, and as each programming job has its own specific set of requirements, it can be extremely daunting to figure out which language to learn.

In order to make your job simpler, this article provides you with a list of the best programming languages to learn in 2021.

1. Dart

Dart is a new programming language that is becoming popular every day. It is a scalable language that can be used to write simple scripts or full-featured applications. If you are creating a mobile app, a web app, or a command-line script, you can do this with Dart.

2. Kotlin

Kotlin is known to be a general-purpose programming language which is used braodly for Android apps, web application, desktop application, and server-side application development. Kotlin was created to be better than Java. Most of the Google applications are formed on Kotlin. Some companies that uses Kotlin as their programming language includes Coursera, Pinterest, PostMates etc.

Kotlin is a language developed by JetBrains whose work highly prioritizes the enhancement and development of Android applications. This is the key reason why Google decided to name Kotlin as the official language for Android development, placing it ahead of Java. And, as Android is the highest-selling mobile operating system, the fact that Kotlin is one of the languages to learn in 2021 comes as no surprise.

3. Java

Java is one of the well desired computer programming languages that have been running today. It is owned by Oracle Corporation and its general-purpose programming language along with its object-oriented structure has become a ground level for applications which can be used regardless of platform just like Mac, Windows, Android, iOS, etc. due to its Write Once, Run Anywhere (WORA) capabilities. As a result, Java is recognized for its adjustability and movability across platforms.

Albeit being one of the oldest languages out there, Java is often used in the work of big organizations. It is also widely used in Android development, which, considering the popularity that Android applications have built makes Java a highly fashionable skill to own. Because of Java’s ascendable feature, strong memory allocation, and high performance, companies such as Amazon, Twitter, and Adobe are a few names that come under the list of users of this programming language, along with a million other repositories that can be found at GitHub.

New Java frameworks including Spring, Struts, and Hibernate are also becoming the spotlight. With millions of Java developers worldwide, there are hundreds of ways to learn Java. Also, Java programmers have an extensive online community and support each other for evaluating the rising issues.

Java is therefore, more complex language to inhabit, however, experienced developers with Java coding skills are in high-demand. Today there are more than 3 billion devices running applications built with Java.

4. JavaScript

JavaScript is one of those languages which have been used widespread, as it is known to be the standard programming language of the web. It has been operated in almost every website that you have caught a sight of on the Internet.

JavaScript provides a structure of statements in a computer language that allows it to be used in both the front-end and back-end sections of websites, showing the flexibility and competence which it holds. Including HTML and CSS, JavaScript provides a way which enables the users to not only develop and design their websites but also transform their websites into high-powered source by adding functionalities to the elements present in the site. Besides, JavaScript is also the standard language used in web frameworks, like that of React, Vue, and Node, making it the undisputed power in the web development department. Websites that you regularly visit, such as Google, YouTube, and Wikipedia, were all build with the help of JavaScript.

5. Swift

Swift is a fantastic way to write apps for phones, desktops, servers, and anything else that runs and runs with code. Swift is a secure, fast and interactive programming language. It has incorporated the best ideas of modern languages with the wisdom of Apple’s engineering culture. The compiler is optimized for performance, and the language is optimized for development, with no compromises on one side or the other.

6. C and C ++

C/C ++ is one of the swift programming languages out there, conditioning with a high level of functionality. This language is thus, used in the majority of low-level systems, including operating systems, embedded systems, kernel development, etc. It is even used as a guideline measure in the building up of other programming languages. And because of its huge set of libraries and stability, C/C ++ also plays an important part in the fields of game development, computer graphics, virtual reality, and more. Companies like Nvidia, Google, Microsoft, and Apple are often on the lookout for C/C ++ developers.

C is one of the oldest early comers in the area of programming languages and is probably considered as the root of other programming languages as well. C ++ is an enhanced version of C. Many developers neglect learning C on its own, while others think learning C first provides a basic foundation for C ++ development. Both languages are widely used in computer science and programming.

7.  Golang

Golang, also known to as “Go” for short, is a programming language build by Google. In today’s times, this language is one of the most extensively used languages in Silicon Valley. Go has been planned in such a way that it easily help in multi-threading and it enables the action to run all together, which is the reason for why this language was used for creating projects like Kubernetes, Docker, Blockchain, etc.

Its simplicity makes it probably the fastest-growing programming languages, as well as its ability to handle multi-core and networked systems and massive codebases makes it easy to function. Go is therefore, gaining in popularity among data scientists because of its agility and performance.

8. PHP

PHP is considered a relatively easy language to learn for beginning developers. In spite of all the popularity that languages like Python and JavaScript have gained, PHP is still coming out as strong and continues to be used by some companies, such as Facebook, Yahoo, and Wikipedia. There remains a all- desired demand for PHP developers in the market, as many websites especially WordPress around the web are streaming with the help of PHP as their guideline measure. Thus, PHP is still a incredible choice as a language to learn in 2021.

9. Python

For the people who have just begun with computer science in 2021, Python is something that every programmer would be comfortable using as it offers an intuitive and easy-to-learn syntax which makes it a popular choice among beginners as well as the professionals. Python is one of the most commonly used programming languages today and is easy for beginners to learn due to its readability trait. It is a free, open-source programming language with large-scale support modules, easy integration with web services, user-friendly data structures, and GUI-based desktop applications. It is a very famous programming language for machine learning and deep learning applications.

The beauty of Python is that it is extremely flexible, as it can almost be used at any required place. Whether you want to work on some mobile application or some back-end application of a website Python is crucial to these tasks and many others. Python is one of the most prioritized languages in the areas of machine learning, deep learning, artificial intelligence, and other data science fields.

Python is used to develop 2D imaging as well as a 3D animation packages such as Blender, Inkscape, and Autodesk. It has also been widely put to use to build incredible video games, featuring Civilization IV, Vegas Trike, and Toontown.

Read more about top languages for mobile app development here


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